What to do if bitten by a snake
What to do if you are bitten by a snake every year, approximately 2 million people suffer from snake bites. That is why each of us should know, distinguish between snake bites, be able to correctly warn them, and also provide first aid to the victim.
If after a snake bite you have 2 strips of small and thin scratches left on your body, then the snake is not poisonous. If the bite is the same trace, and at the end of both strips there was a puncture from the fangs, then you were bitten by a poisonous snake. Often the victim complains of poor vision, dizziness, drowsiness, increased sweating and nausea, swelling, pain and redness in the area of the wound.
If you are still bitten by a poisonous snake, then you need to enter an anti-venom serum as quickly as possible. And if there is no emergency room nearby, then you should try to do everything possible to prevent the snake’s venom from getting into your blood.
You need to carefully remove your clothes and carefully examine the bite site. It may happen that all the venom of the snake can be injected into a thick layer of clothing. After that, very carefully inspect the skin – there may be drops of poison, which should be carefully and carefully removed to prevent contact of damaged skin with the poison. Assess the depth of the bite – if the wounds are superficial, then you need to wash them with a large enough amount of water, of course, clean.
First aid. It should be limited to immobilization and urgent transportation to a medical facility (if the victim is located no more than 3-4 hours away from the hospital). Immobilization provides a significant slowdown in the spread of the poison. And it is important to know that snake venom spreads through the body in most cases through the lymphatic pathways, not through the bloodstream. And it became clear that with the immobility of the limb, the outflow of lymph is insignificant. Therefore, if you do immobilization of the bitten limb, the main symptoms develop quite slowly and do not reach a very high degree of severity, but if the movements are strengthened, then the symptoms of poisoning are likely to increase dramatically.
In no case do not cauterize the bite site with a hot piece of iron, gunpowder, boiling oil, do not enter various acids and alkalis into the bite site. It is also contraindicated to apply a tight tourniquet in order to stop arterial and venous blood flow. You can not give the victim alcoholic beverages, because this process accelerates the absorption of the poison and the power of the toxic effect of snake venom.