Causes of lymphogranulomatosis in children
The causes of lymphogranulomatosis in children are not fully understood, but most scientists adhere to the tumor theory.
Lymphogranulomatosis is a very serious tumor disease of the entire lymph system. During this disease, the normal lymphatic tissue is completely replaced with granulomatous tissue.
The disease is manifested by an increase in groups of lymph nodes (axillary, cervical, inguinal). Initially, lymph nodes are formed of various sizes-soft, painless, not soldered to the skin, and, as a rule, without rotting.
Later, the tumors become multiple, begin to merge into massive tumor conglomerates that resemble “potatoes in a bag”. In the future, in almost all cases, the process is generalized. There is a wave-like increase in body temperature, sweating, weakness, itching. Due to the involvement of the bronchial and cardiac lymph nodes, the outflow of lymph from the head is disrupted, there is swelling of the neck and differentiation of the venous network in the chest area. There may be neuralgia of the type of radiculitis. There are changes in blood tests.
Since the cause of the disease is unknown, there is no specific treatment. Usually, the conglomerate is removed surgically. After removing the lymph nodes, radiation therapy is performed. In addition, chemotherapy is also performed, about the same as for leukemia. So it is absolutely impossible to self-medicate. Only a specialist doctor should treat lymphogranulomatosis.